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Gross Domestic Product, Fourth Quarter and Annual 2018 (Initial Estimate)

美国2018第四季度和全年GDP(初步估计)

Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 2.6 percent in the fourth quarter of 2018 (table 1), according to the "initial" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the third quarter, real GDP increased 3.4 percent.

根据美国经济分析局发布的“初步”估计,2018年第四季度,美国实际国内生产总值同比增长2.6%(见表1)。第三季度,实际GDP增长了3.4%。



Due to the recent partial government shutdown, this initial report for the fourth quarter and annual GDP for 2018 replaces the release of the "advance" estimate originally scheduled for January 30th and the "second" estimate originally scheduled for February 28th. See the Technical Note for details.

由于近期政府部分关门,这份2018年第四季度和年度GDP的初步报告取代了原定于1月30日发布的“预估”和原定于2月28日发布的“二次”预估。有关详细信息,请参见技术说明。



Current-dollar personal income increased $225.1 billion in the fourth quarter, compared with an increase of $190.6 billion in the third quarter. The acceleration in personal income reflected an upturn in farm proprietors’ income and accelerations in personal dividend income and personal interest income. Compensation of employees decelerated.

现价美元个人收入在第四季度增加了2251亿美元,而第三季度增加了1906亿美元。个人收入的增加反映了农场主收入的上升,个人股息收入和个人利息收入的增加。员工薪酬增速放缓。

Disposable personal income increased $218.7 billion, or 5.7 percent, in the fourth quarter, compared with an increase of $160.9 billion, or 4.2 percent, in the third quarter.

第四季度个人可支配收入增加2187亿美元,增长5.7%,而第三季度增加1609亿美元,增长4.2%。

Personal saving was $1.06 trillion in the fourth quarter, compared with $996.0 billion in the third quarter. The personal saving rate -- personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income -- was 6.7 percent in the fourth quarter, compared with 6.4 percent in the third quarter.

第四季度,个人储蓄为1.06万亿美元,而第三季度为9960亿美元。第四季度个人储蓄率(个人储蓄占可支配个人收入的百分比)为6.7%,而第三季度为6.4%。



During 2018 (measured from the fourth quarter of 2017 to the fourth quarter of 2018), real GDP increased 3.1 percent, compared with an increase of 2.5 percent during 2017. The price index for gross domestic purchases increased 2.1 percent during 2018, compared with an increase of 1.9 percent during 2017.

2018年(从2017年第四季度到2018年第四季度),实际GDP增长3.1%,相比之下,2017年增长2.5%。与2017年的1.9%相比,2018年的国内采购价格指数增长了2.1%。