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UN court rejects UK claim to sovereignty over Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean (Diego Garcia).

联合国法庭驳回英国对印度洋(迭戈加西亚)查戈斯群岛的主权要求



The UK has been ordered to hand back the Chagos Islands to Mauritius “as rapidly as possible” after the United Nations’ highest court ruled that continued British occupation of the remote Indian Ocean archipelago is illegal.

英国被要求“尽快”将查戈斯群岛交还给毛里求斯。此前,联合国最高法庭裁定,英国继续占领这个偏远的印度洋群岛是非法的。



“This continued administration constitutes a wrongful act,” he added. “The UK has an obligation to bring to an end its administration of the Chagos archipelago as rapidly as possible and that all member states must co-operate with the United Nations to complete the decolonization of Mauritius.”

他补充说:“继续管理是一种错误行为。”“英国有义务尽快结束对查戈斯群岛的管理,所有成员国必须与联合国合作,完成毛里求斯的去殖民化。”

Judge Yusuf, who is a Somali, said the process of separating the Chagos Islands from Mauritius during decolonisation in the 1960s constituted an “unlawful detachment” and was a “wrongful act”.

索马里法官尤素夫表示,在20世纪60年代的去殖民化过程中,将查戈斯群岛与毛里求斯分离的过程构成了一种“非法分离”,是一种“错误的行为”。

The UK retained possession of the Chagos archipelago, which includes the strategic US airbase of Diego Garcia, after Mauritius gained its independence in 1968, effectively paying Mauritius more than £4m for the islands.

1968年毛里求斯独立后,英国保留了查戈斯群岛的所有权,其中包括美国战略空军基地迭戈加西亚,为毛里求斯岛支付了400多万英镑。

The government refers to it as British Indian Ocean Territory or BIOT. About 1,500 native islanders were deported so the largest island could be leased to the US for the airbase in 1971. They have never been allowed to return home.

政府称之为英属印度洋领土。1971年,大约有1500名当地岛民被驱逐出境,这样最大的岛屿就可以租给美国作为空军基地。他们从未被允许返回。



The UN general assembly is now expected to deal with the question of the resettlement of the Chagos Islanders who have been expelled.
The judgment represents a significant defeat for the UK on virtually every point it contested in the hearing last September.

联合国大会预计将处理被驱逐的查戈斯岛居民的安置问题。这一判决几乎代表了英国在去年9月听证会上所争论的每一个问题上的重大失败。